Mobility in the city of the future
Scenario 1: 2030
The first step in the plan is this: we must begin to combat the greenhouse effect.
The aim is to significantly reduce emissions of so-called greenhouse gases. In concrete terms: by 2030, Spain needs to emit 40% less greenhouse gas than it did in 1990.
How can we achieve this? There are various mutually complimentary options and, as is widely known every little helps, but one of the solutions being most widely employed is restricting traffic in town centres Madrid now has the "Madrid Central" zone: a low-emissions zone spanning 472 hectares.
The automotive industry is one of the hardest hit by the implementation of these measures. The ever-growing diesel restrictions have led to a decline in its use, and consequently, the automobile industry is making efforts to bring to market a range of vehicles that, as far as possible, avoid the use of fossil fuels.
In addition, we are seeing the emergence of a new way of life: carsharing, which is beginning to make alter the way that Spaniards think. In larger cities, it is now eminently possible to drive on a regular basis without owning your own vehicle.
To help users transition to a new vehicle and leave harmful emissions in the rear-view mirror, Spain has adopted the Plan VEA (VEA = Alternative Energy Vehicles); the plan is a sort of offshoot of the Plan PIVE (Efficient Vehicle Incentive Plan), whose implementation has been stalled by the delay in passing the national budget. This plan, if it comes to pass, will make €16.6m available to promote sales of electric, hybrid and gas-powered vehicles using fuels such as LPG, CNG and LNG.
Scenario 2: 2040
From localised restrictions, we should be moving on to major-scale bans on traffic, as per the goal set for 2040 by the Ministry for the Ecological Transition. In theory, by 2040, we should see the prohibition of sale and registration of commercial vehicles with direct CO2 emissions.
In order for this broad ban to be applicable, the projections will need to come true, whereby in 2040, technology will have advanced and we will have multiple options available to us, facilitating a world in which electric cars will be the natural first choice for consumers.