The recent past of renewable energy
Although historically Spain has always been mentioned as a reference in the renewables race, today there is some homework to do.
Between 2013 and 2015. Europe underwent a definitive advance with spectacular growth in solar and wind energy. Although Spain was well positioned prior to 2013, its inability to grow over this period (0.07% growth in wind energy and 0.3% in solar energy) is now catching up with it.
In 2016, the United Nations Paris Agreement enabled talking clearly about the topic with resounding figures: in 2020 European Union member states would have to have reduced their emissions into the atmosphere by 20% and attained 20% use of renewable energies.
Will we be capable of complying with these aims? Currently we are at approximately 17.3% for renewables. However, 2020 is just around the corner.
The end of coal is just the beginning
Energy from coal is one of the most contaminating. Spain has assumed an undertaking to stop using coal (both mines and reactors) by 2050, and replace all this energy with renewable sources.
Following this path towards the future, Endesa has brought an end to coal as an energy source. The company has closed reactors in Andorra (Teruel) and Compostilla (León) to focus on renewable energy production. To overcome this challenge more than one billion euros will be invested.
These reactors will not disappear but rather they will be radically transformed. Coal is out and clean energy will be in. Only in the Andorra reactor is it planned to attain 1000 megawatts of photovoltaic energy.