This is a unique moment for energy transition towards a world without emissions and in this scenario there is someone who is becoming a key player: The prosumer. This term was coined in 1980 by the American Alvin Toffler, to describe a type of consumer who not only consumes but also produces.
Even though this concept has been known for several decades, it has only now started to play a leading role in the energy sector. This is someone who has gone from playing a passive role to one playing an active role, and is destined to becoming a leader in one of the greatest energy transformations in history. An era in which generation and consumption will take place at the same point.
Currently, the electrical system has transformed from a rigid, unidirectional model to one that is increasingly decentralised and multidirectional. Until recently, energy production was concentrated in large plants far from where it was consumed. But this has changed. For years, individuals, companies and communities have been entering the territory of self-consumption. That is, they have become able to produce the energy they need from renewable sources.
The prosumer and smart networks
The relationship between prosumers and companies in the electricity sector involves having electricity networks that are increasingly flexible and efficient. Endesa is investing in innovation to develop projects and initiatives that will help improve the processes related to the distribution network.
The Enel Group, to which Endesa belongs, currently has more than a million prosumers connected to its network worldwide. This is directly related to the group's commitment to placing the customer at the centre of its activities, thus favouring the integration of prosumers and the production of renewable energies with zero emissions.