What does it mean to move from a passive grid to a smart one?
An electrified economy requires more digitalised power grids. The use of new technologies and monitoring and information gathering tools make it possible to have greater knowledge of the grid and apply solutions based on artificial intelligence for its optimal and efficient management.
In Endesa, for example, we have developed a system that allows us to replenish the supply of electrical installations autonomously and instantly and, therefore, without having to send our staff to the field. This greatly speeds up supply replenishment deadlines, especially in extreme weather adversity scenarios. As José Manuel Revuelta explains, "We are already implementing solutions that allow us to even anticipate incidents before they occur."
What is special about Spain?
The case of Spain is very unique. Given its high number of hours of sunlight, with an average of approximately 2,500 hours of sunshine per year, our country is making a strong commitment to the development of photovoltaic facilities. These plants produce electricity only during sunny hours, but electricity consumption is also necessary at night. So flexibility is essential to achieve perfect coordination between generation, demand and distribution grids.
During the last decade, different digital solutions have been developed in most of the sectors related to the energy transition and electric vehicles have managed to triple their sales in 2020. However, this electrification will require a flexible system in order to achieve the objectives of decarbonisation, decentralisation and digitisation.