The Social Bonus for electricity is an assistance in your electricity bill for those people or family groups that meet very specific requirements with regard to income, personal situation or family situation. The actual discount applied to the bill will depend on the degree of vulnerability.
How can you renew the Social Bonus?
If you were already a beneficiary of the Social Bonus before 31 March 2022, you will be able to keep the Social Bonus until its expiry date. That is when the company will check that you still meet the requirements to benefit from the electricity bonus for two more years. To do this, the retailer will contact you to submit your application with the necessary documentation that proves that you meet the new requirements included in Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June.
If you are awarded the Social Bonus through the new requirements included in Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June, it will be valid for 2 years. When this period has elapsed, the retailer will be responsible for verifying whether you continue to meet the requirements. If this is the case, then it will automatically be renewed. If this is not the case, they will let you know when the Social Bonus expires.
In any case, it will be the company that communicates the expiry date for your electricity Social Bonus. This will be done through your bills for consumption, so you can check the expiry date regularly.
How often does it have to be renewed?
The Social Bonus for electricity needs to be renewed every 2 years. However, there is one exception: If you are officially registered as a large family, you will only have to renew it when your large family certificate expires.
Requirements to renew the Social Bonus
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June, details the new requirements to obtain or renew the Social Bonus:
- To have a contract for the PVPC tariff with a power equal to or less than 10kW for the habitual residence and with a reference retailer.
- To meet the conditions with regard to income, and personal and family situation.
Until 31 December 2022, the following cases have been established:
Vulnerable consumer: this condition is subject to personal or family unit income or the fact of being an officially registered large family.
Specifically, the rule requires that your income or, in case of being part of a cohabitation unit, the annual joint income of the cohabitation unit to which you belong, should be equal to or less than 1.5 times the IPREM for 14 payments.
If the cohabitation unit consists of more than one person, the income multiplier with regard to the IPREM index for 14 payments should be increased by 0.3 for each additional member of legal age that is part of the cohabitation unit and 0.5 for each minor in the cohabitation unit.
A cohabitation unit is understood to be that made up of all persons who live in the same dwelling and who are united with each other by marriage bond or as a de facto couple as stipulated in article 221.2 of the consolidated text of the General Law of Social Security, or by bond up to the second degree of consanguinity, affinity, adoption, and other persons with whom you live by virtue of guardianship for the purpose of adoption or permanent family fostering. A person cannot be part of two or more cohabitation units.
The regulation also establishes as a vulnerable consumer the actual consumer and, where he/she is part of a cohabitation unit, all the members of the same with an income, if they a receive a Social Security Pension for retirement or permanent disability that amounts to at least the minimum amount authorised for this type of pension, and that they do not receive annual revenue exceeding 500 euros.
If the consumer or any member of the cohabitation unit are a beneficiary of the Minimum Vital Income (IMV) they may also apply to be considered as a vulnerable consumer. In this case, it will be applied automatically.
Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June, also establishes that the income multipliers with regard to the IPREM index for 14 payments established in the section will be increased, in each case, by 1 provided that any of the following special cases are applicable: the holder or any of the members of the cohabitation unit has a recognised disability equal to or greater than 33%, is a victim of gender violence or terrorism or is in a grade II or III situation of dependency. These special circumstances are also applicable where the cohabitation unit consists of a single parent and at least one minor, in other words, a single-parent family.
Severely vulnerable consumer: this condition is subject to personal or family unit income or the fact of being an officially registered large family.
This condition includes the cases already detailed for vulnerable consumers, with the additional condition of having an annual income less than or equal to 50% of the corresponding threshold. It also applies if the holder and the cohabitation unit to which he/she belongs have an annual income less than or equal to 1 x IPREM for 14 payments.
Consumer at risk of social exclusion: when in addition to meeting the above conditions, the person or his/her family are under the care of the Social Services of regional or local administrations.
Vulnerable consumer due to COVID-19: the conditions are detailed in Royal Decree-Law 8/2021, of 4 May.
To apply for the electricity Social Bonus, you need to contact one of the reference retailers.
Where can I renew the Social Bonus?
You need to contact your retailer, by e-mail or in person. You need to fill out a form requesting renewal and prove your situation through the necessary documentation.
Electricity discounts with the renewed Social Bonus
- Vulnerable consumers get a 25% discount. In accordance with Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June, and exceptionally, the discount is increase to 60% until 31 December 2022.
- Severely vulnerable consumers get a 40% discount. In accordance with Royal Decree-Law 6/2022, of 25 June, and exceptionally, the discount is increase to 70% until 31 December 2022.
- In addition to these requirements, if you are a consumer at risk of social exclusion, under the care of the social services of an autonomous or local administration (which contributes at least 50% of the bill), you will not have to pay the electricity bill. In case of temporarily not being able to meet payment, it will not be permitted to cut off the electricity supply.
It should be borne in mind that the discount will be applied taking into account the limit for energy supplied envisaged for billing in the PVPC tariff:
- Family unit without minors or individual applicants: maximum consumption limit of 1,380 kWh.
- Family unit with one minor: maximum consumption limit of 1,932 kWh.
- Family unit with two minors: maximum consumption limit of 2,346 kWh.
- Officially registered large family (3 or more minors): maximum consumption limit of 4,140 kWh.
- Individual person-pensioners family unit (minimum amount): maximum consumption limit of 1,932 kWh.
Energy consumed beyond these limits will be billed as PVPC.