In 2021, there were 89,644 workers linked to the photovoltaic sector in Spain, according to the Annual Report from the Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF). This industry also generated more than 3.5 million euros in exports, 23% more than in 2020, with photovoltaics making a direct contribution of almost 5 million euros to Spain's GDP.
These figures demonstrate that photovoltaic plants are an income-generating activity. This is particularly true in Spain due to the Tax on Constructions, Facilities and Works (ICIO), the Tax on Economic Activities (IAE), and the Tax on Real Estate with Special Characteristics (IBICES). Construction of one MW of solar-energy capacity generates around 76,000 euros over the useful life of the plant in the area where it is located.
Agrivoltaics may seem like something new, but it was conceived by Adolf Goetzberger and Armin Zastrow in 1981, although it did not really start to take off until the last decade.
Endesa was a pioneer in applying this concept in Spain, in our plants in Valdecaballeros and Augusto in Extremadura, Totana in Murcia and Las Corchas in Andalusia.
We select specific activities for each of these agrivoltaic projects, assessing factors such as the ecosystem, land use and type, the availability of resources and climate conditions, in order to assess their agronomic viability and implement projects focused on the recovery, promotion and improvement of local ecosystems.