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25 January 2024

AI and 5G team up for greater energy efficiency

Networks for 5G data transfer coupled with artificial intelligence can make a positive contribution to more efficient energy transmission.

5G mobile technology has a clear function, as does artificial intelligence (AI). So, is it possible to combine the two to provide better energy efficiency? Not only is it possible, but it comes with multiple benefits. 

In today's digital age, the convergence of AI and 5G technology enables numerous innovations that go beyond data transmission. These developments are bringing about changes in the field of power transmission, ensuring an imminent revolution in energy efficiency.

Its main objective is to automate and regulate processes to achieve greater sustainability and a better use of renewable energies

 

What is the relationship between communication networks and energy? 

At first glance, it can be difficult to see the connection between 5G and energy, and even more so to picture artificial intelligence in this context. However, AI is at the heart of this change, as it partners with 5G technology to power networks and make them a powerful transmitter of efficient energy

Communication networks are one of the biggest revolutions in recent years. Their initial purpose was to connect everyday elements to the Internet, which has led to huge advances in the automation of different processes that we had always considered manual tasks. 

This automation has impacted energy in a very positive way. One such example is the creation of smart meters that compile energy consumption data in real time, or smart building applications that can regulate lighting, heating and other linked devices. 

Now, these processes are constantly being improved thanks to artificial intelligence, making it possible to increase energy efficiency and the maximisation of available resources. 

 

Technological innovation and benefits: the energy of the future 

There are many benefits of communication networks and 5G technology applied in the energy sector:

  1. More speed. Energy transmission is faster despite having to transport large amounts of data. Furthermore, it can be tested, monitored and managed in real time. 
  2. Shorter response time. It improves the accuracy of the control of the power grid, especially in critical situations, leading to a fast and improved response to unforeseen events. 
  3. Multiple connectivity. Numerous devices can be connected at the same time, which helps in the implementation of sensors for measurement and management in energy supply processes. 
  4. Reliable connectivity. It offers a more resilient and therefore more reliable connection, which increases the reliability of the infrastructure.
  5. Greater energy efficiency in communications. By reducing the load on communications, it reduces the associated environmental impact, thus optimising energy consumption in communications.
  6. Critical control system. It enables the implementation of critical control system applications in complex energy infrastructures that are sensitive to adverse climate conditions. 
  7. Integration of renewable energies. It makes quick adjustments to the network to adapt to intermittent sources such as solar or wind. 

At the epicentre of these benefits is energy AI, a set of algorithms capable of optimising energy distribution and consumption. In other words, AI is the key piece which enables autonomous decision-making, thanks to its extensive capacity for instant learning. Its speed in understanding data in real time and adapting to different changes makes it the main element to achieve greater energy efficiency

 

Technological revolution: the power of 5G and Artificial Intelligence 

 

As mentioned at the beginning of the article, networks that were previously only used for data transmission are now expanding their scope of operation. AI, as a key part of this transformation, collaborates with 5G to turn transmission grids into energy-efficient enablers

This collaboration completely redefines the way we understand communications and opens the door to smarter, superior and more sustainable management of the energy resources at our disposal. 

Artificial Intelligence in the field of energy is becoming the key piece of the sustainability puzzle. In fact, the integration of AI and 5G in today's switchboards marks a major step forward in electricity infrastructure management, with numerous benefits in addition to those outlined above for 5G:

  • Increased operational efficiency. 
  • Improved prediction and mitigation of malfunctions before they occur.
  • Achieves more sustainable systems.
  • Addresses current and future energy challenges.

The tangible alliance between 5G and AI is a digital transformation that improves traditional industries by offering a new space for innovation in energy management. Although "smartifying" equipment is not just a technical improvement, it is a major step towards a sustainable future. It is a revolutionary change that transforms the way energy is managed and distributed, with many benefits to offer. 


Challenges for the future of the most revolutionary alliance 

The journey to greater energy efficiency thanks to the combination of AI and 5G also presents challenges that need to be taken into account. 

Firstly, data privacy must be taken into account, as the implementation of these devices entails handling large amounts of data, which could compromise the privacy of individuals if they fall into the wrong hands. Cyber security is also an important concern, as a large network of connected devices increases the likelihood of cyber-attacks.

In addition to these two challenges, in some cases, access may also be limited. There exists the possibility that certain communities or regions may have limited access to certain types of technology. 

These challenges highlight the need to address the alliance between 5G and AI in a responsible way. Only in this way can a future built on equitable and respectful energy efficiency be achieved. 

In short, the combination of AI and 5G redefines our energy infrastructures and paves the way for a more conscious and adaptive management of available resources. We are facing a transformation that will influence every facet of our society and our planet.

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