Spanish cities, which consume 40% of all final energy, are responsible for 70% of the greenhouse gas emissions in our country, according to data from the report The Future of Sustainable Cities: Urban energy transition to 2030 published by Deloitte.
This has led to concentrations of particulate pollutants that exceed the legal limits on several occasions in some Spanish cities, such as Madrid or Barcelona, with the resulting risk to the health of its inhabitants.
What measures are Spanish cities taking?
Spanish cities, aware of the high levels of consumption and emissions for which they are responsible, have signed up to ambitious targets to improve their energy sustainability. By signing the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, the cities involved have promised to take action to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 40% by 2030. However, the data show that gradual change will not be enough to achieve this commitment, forcing municipalities to implement urban energy sustainability initiatives in the very short term, especially in the transport sector.
At the national level, the Spanish Urban Agenda, which proposes the strategy to be followed in sustainable urban development policies, was published in February 2019. This urban development strategy consists of 30 specific objectives and 291 action points, which are made available to municipalities so that they can draw up their own action plans.