Endesa is aware of the importance of minimising the impact of industrial activity in the areas where we operate. This is why the protection of biodiversity and the improvement and maintenance of natural ecosystems are priorities that are an integral part of our business strategy.
Their consideration is included in decision-making for new projects and in the management and operation of existing assets. They gear all our activity in Mainland Spain towards the following goals:
"No Net Biodiversity Loss by 2030". To begin implementing selected projects of high importance for Biodiversity from 2025.
"No Net Deforestation by 2030" the implementation of selected projects of high importance for Biodiversity from 2025.
"No development of new projects in areas declared by UNESCO as World Natural Heritage Sites". This is in addition to the commitment not to operate thermal generation installations in protected natural areas on the Spanish mainland and not to design or develop new thermal generation installations in protected natural areas in non-mainland territories.
The Biodiversity Conservation Plan is part of our Biodiversity Policy, one of its most important and distinctive aspects, because all the actions included in it are completely voluntary, and extend far beyond mere mandatory environmental requirements.
The main lines of action of our plan are as follows:
The conditioning of the physical environment in our premises and installations to increase its capacity to host biodiversity.
The management of natural environment factors in the surroundings of the facilities, which contribute to improving the habitats of certain species.
The recognition of our natural assets, the natural ecosystems they are home to, and their value and state of conservation.
The preservation of native species in and around our installations and the control of invasive species.
The Biodiversity Conservation Plan finished 2022 with a total of 31 operational actions, with the following results: 25 start-ups completed in previous years (5 completed in 2022 and 20 ongoing) and 6 more actions initiated in 2022. The actions included in the plan were undertaken across practically the entire Iberian Peninsular and covered a significant part of our business lines.
Biodiversity conservation plan
Our voluntary actions to protect biodiversity can be classified according to the type of project. Find them on the map below or in the list of projects.
Actions implemented in 2022
Restoration of natural spaces
List of projects
Locate each project by finding its number on the map.
1. Monitoring the Scopoli's shearwater in the surroundings of the Fuencaliente Wind Farm (Canary Islands) (since 2020). Study of the effect of wind farms on coastal bird life species such as Scopoli's shearwater. Collaboration in the conservation of bird species in the Endesa facilities surroundings (Canary Islands)
2. Recovery measures for populations of the lesser kestrel in Malaga with reintroduction and follow-up techniques. (Since 2019). Reintroduction of populations of the lesser kestrel and recovery of the population through stable colonies. Collaboration in the recovery of the lesser kestrel in Spain. (Andalusia)
3. Recovery measures for populations of the lesser kestrel in Aragon with reintroduction and follow-up techniques. (Since 2019). Reintroduction of populations of the lesser kestrel and recovery of the population through stable colonies. Collaboration in the recovery of the lesser kestrel in Spain. (Aragon)
4. Laser technology treatment of birds that have collided and been electrocuted. (Since 2017). Use of laser technology to treat birds for crashes and electrocution from power lines at the Vallcalent Wildlife Recovery Centre. Collaboration with the administration in bird life recovery. (Catalonia)
5. Development and application of prioritisation models to protect bird life against power line collisions and electrocutions. (Since 2021). Ongoing research project carried out by the CSIC, on a Prioritisation Model for protective measures that improve the solutions currently available on the market. (Madrid)
6.Osprey Bay of Cadiz. (Since 2018). Reintroduction (in conjunction with the Migres Foundation) of the species in the Bay of Cadiz and the Bornos and Arcos de la Frontera reservoirs, with the overall objective of reaching 100 pairs in 2025. Endesa collaborates in the recovery of the osprey which is extinct in Cadiz. (Andalusia)
7. Identification of threats and use ofspace of the population of thered kite (Milvus milvus) in the Aragon region. (Since 2019). Participation in the conservation of the red kite by identifying threats, use of space and reintroducing individuals by direct release as future reinforcements of the species in Spain. (Aragon)
8.Supplementary feeding points for the black vulture and other large birds of prey of the Pyrenees (Since 2013). Favour the reintroduced population of black vultures in the Pyrenees, as well as other large threatened birds of prey such as the bearded vulture and the Egyptian vulture. Collaboration in the recovery of large necrophagous birds in territories where Endesa is present (Aragon and Catalonia)
9. Identification of juvenile dispersal and connectivity of black vultures in the Tejo Natural Park. (Since 2018). Collaboration in the recovery of large necrophagous birds in territories where Endesa is present. (Portugal, Extremadura, Castile and León, and Catalonia)
10. Conservation measures for the Eurasian roller in the Aiguamolls de l'Empordà Natural Park. (Since 2016). Support for the nesting population of the European roller in the Aiguamolls de l'Empordà Natural Park. Increased knowledge of the ecological requirements of the species and on the status of the population. Renew and showcase the efforts Endesa has been making for 15 years in favour of the species. Collaboration in the recovery of emblematic species in areas of special interest. (Catalonia)
11. Protection and conservation of the western capercaillie in the Pyrenees. (Since 2021). “Perifer” Project, for the conservation and protection of the western capercaillie in the Pyrenees, through actions with the power lines in the Endesa surroundings Collaboration with protection entities in the area to protect this species which is so sensitive to human action in the area. (Catalonia)
12. Conservation measures for the eagle owl in the surroundings of the Endesa distribution lines (Since 2021). Monitoring and study of habitats and habits of the species to reduce unnatural mortality due mainly to power line collisions and electrocutions. (Catalonia)
13. LIFE Eurokite project. (Since 2020). Project for the reintroduction of thered kite in Huelva and Badajoz for coordinated conservation of the species through a European LIFE project. Conservation of the red kite on the Iberian Peninsula. (Andalusia and Extremadura)
14. Study of steppe species, the little bustard in the area around Campillos Málaga (Since 2022). Behavioural analysis, threat identification, use of space and monitoring of individuals.
15. Study of anti-proliferation methods of macrophytes in the Flix-Ascó stretch of the Ebro River. (Since 2015). Study of the characteristics, distribution and limiting factors of macrophytes in the Flix-Ascó section, as well as its hydromorphological characteristics in order to find a solution to the excessive proliferation of macrophytes in that section. Studies on the eradication of invasive species in aquatic environments. (Catalonia)
16. Hydrodynamic study and study of the quality of shellfish banks in the area of the Pontedeume estuary (Since 2022). Study of the characteristics of sediments in the estuary and the factors causing changes in shellfish banks in the area.
17. Study of the functions of Endesa's reservoirs as wetlands of environmental and natural importance. (Since 2022)
18. Enrichment of biodiversity in bear areas in the Lleida Pyrenees regions within the Piroslife project. (Since 2016). Promoting conservation of the brown bear. Habitat improvement to favour the status of the reintroduced population of brown bears in the Lleida Pyrenees and compatibility with human activities in the area. Collaboration with the reintroduction of the brown bear in the Pyrenees, learning cohabitation. Search for company & biodiversity synergies (Catalonia)
19. Study of the trophic cascade effect on forest ecosystems. (Since 2015). Removal of aloctone tree species and restoration with native species in the Boumort Nature Reserve and follow up on the resulting trophic effect. Study and research on biodiversity in protected natural areas (Catalonia)
20. Recovery of the Hermann's tortoise. (Since 2015). Improvement of the conservation status of the Hermann's tortoise, a species listed as in danger of extinction (peninsular populations) in the Spanish National Catalogue of Endangered Species, and whose only natural populations on the entire Iberian Peninsula are found in Catalonia. Collaboration in the recovery of extinct species of great importance in areas where Endesa is present (Catalonia)
21. Endesabats. Protection and Conservation of bats in hydraulic caverns of Endesa. (2013-2019). Improve knowledge and conservation of cave bats, their ecological requirements and their relation to hydroelectric plant operations. To value the importance of this infrastructure to the endangered chiroptera species, and propose management measures for their conservation and presence at this type of facility. Knowledge, Protection and Conservation of the endangered chiroptera species thanks to Endesa's hydraulic infrastructure. (Catalonia, Andalusia and the north east)
22. The ARTROHER project (Since 2021). Study and awareness raising of the diversity and uniqueness of arthropods in the Mediterranean Heath or herriza of the Strait of Gibraltar region. Conservation of pollinators at the Endesa facilities. (Andalusia).
23. Creation of a national inventory of damaged holm oaks and cork oaks from the “la seca” syndrome. (Since 2021). National inventory of forest areas of the genus “Quercus” in Spain affected by this disease to be used for research and eradication. Collaboration with research institutions to tackle this disease which is devastating the Iberian Peninsula's meadows. (Spain)
Recovery of natural areas
24, 25, 26, 27. The “Endesa La Atalaya Forest” initiative (La Atalaya, Madrid, since 2016; Teruel, since 2021; Doñana, since 2019; Balearic Islands, since 2021). Reforestation of burned areas using direct planting techniques and planting of native forest species with subsequent registration in the Spanish Climate Change Office as a CO2 absorption project, providing return in the form of carbon credits. Collaboration in the climate change mitigation, promoting adaptation and development of biodiversity with the “Endesa Forest” initiative, an example of a sustainable project promoting improvement of the environment, and the social and economic development of the rural environments where it is located.
28. Study of the ecological assets of roads beneath power lines. (Since 2017). Integral methodology that enables simultaneously addressing a series of actions and basic requirements for the industrialised inspection of the Endesa electricity distribution network to appraise the value of the ecological assets under the network, providing operational solutions to management needs. Research on the effect of Endesa's large-scale infrastructure on biodiversity, demonstrating positive externalities for biodiversity, such as the existence of large street clearings for the distribution of electricity. (Catalonia).
29. Design and implementation of a system of biodiversity indicators. (Since 2016). To develop and test a system of indicators of the effects on biodiversity, adapted to the activities and presence of Endesa in Spain. Study of the extent of interaction of Endesa's activities and facilities with the surrounding biodiversity. (Madrid).
30. Bioreturn-Lives-Native. Study of Endesa's biodiversity actions in terms of ecosystem services. (Since 2020). Evaluating the company’s actions in the area of biodiversity and its dissemination and communication. Development of an Endesa Biodiversity strategy and baseline calculation in pilot projects involving a variety of technologies. (Madrid).
31. Study of biodiversity and renewables facilities. (Since 2021). Research project where renewable infrastructure is developed with the existing biodiversity in the implementation of these Endesa facilities. (Madrid)
Presentation and assessment of biodiversity
Endesa has developed a project to assess the potential impact of its assets on biodiversity, for which KPIs have been specifically defined to measure the impact. This will make it possible to take specific actions to make progress towards the non-net loss of biodiversity.
The table below shows the periodic assessments of the areas occupied by operational activities undertaken by our company and the implementation of biodiversity management plans to protect and restore habitats.
FACILITIES AND AREAS
WORKED BY ENDESA'S OPERATING ACTIVITIES (1)
Number of installations
Number of sites and total area occupied by operational activities.
AssessmentSites where biodiversity impact assessments have been carried out in the last five years.
ExposureBiodiversity impact assessment sites in close proximity to critical biodiversity, and the total area of these sites. (2)
Management plansSites with an impact assessment on biodiversity and located very close to critical areas that have a biodiversity management plan, and the total of these sites.
The figures included above take into account all Endesa´selectricity generation installations and substations; the power lines in the distribution network were not taken into account. The area occupied by reservoirs that have existed for 10 years or more were not included in the calculation. These data were obtained from Endesa's Biodiversity Indicators System.
2. Considered a distance to RN2000 equal to or less than 1 km.