If you prefer to always view the website in English, please click here.

Learn all about bioclimatic architecture and its advantages

Bioclimatic architecture is a way of designing buildings based on taking advantage of the surrounding area and the aim of the project is to be as efficient as possible by taking into account all the elements locally available.

Jun is a municipality with fewer than 4,000 inhabitants located in the heart of the Vega de Granada. Its main activity is ceramics, with a long historical tradition, as well as using new technologies. In 2005, a development of 25 homes with a common characteristic was built here: They are an example of bioclimatic architecture.

"Las Caléndulas", as this development is called, is a benchmark in this type of construction that returns to ancient solutions with cutting-edge innovations to create efficient buildings that respect the environment where they are located.

 

What is bioclimatic architecture?

It is an architectural trend that takes into account issues such as the climate where the building is located and the available natural resources, as well as making optimum use of them to reduce the consumption of resources such as energy and water.

The aim is to design and construct buildings that adapt to the conditions in the surrounding area to minimise energy use while maintaining the comfort of their residents, attempting to ensure that the home is self-regulating and that its construction and operation have as little impact as possible on the Environment.

Since ancient times, numerous resources have been used to cool and heat homes: From whitewashing the walls in Andalusian villages to prevent them from overheating to south-facing houses in cold climates.

 

Characteristics of bioclimatic architecture

A number of aspects are currently taken into account when constructing new buildings. Bioclimatic architecture is based on the following features:

 

Location

This is the most important parameter when planning a bioclimatic project. Firstly, you should take into account the bioclimatic features of the local area, learn about the climate, temperatures, rainfall, hours of sunshine, relative humidity, winds, access to renewable energies, etc in order to be able to adapt your design to these features.

For example, it is important to establish the orientation of the building. In a cold climate, it is ideal for it to be south-facing, as well as using translucent materials that allow solar radiation to pass through so as to obtain light and heat in winter. To get the most out of the orientation, you need to include elements that enable insulation and the control of light, for example, blinds, awnings, vegetation, etc.

You can also make use of the sun by installing solar panels, but you should make a careful study of where best to locate them, which system will perform better, etc.

The floor is another variable to be considered, since the possibility of part of the house being underground can help insulate the house, as well as taking advantage of the heat generated in the ground itself. There is also the additional advantage of making use of renewable energies like geothermal energy.

 

Insulation

Another key feature of bioclimatic architecture is to understand that both the materials and the construction process should have the minimum environmental impact. The aim is for external temperature variations to affect the interior of the house as little as possible. This involves the use of traditional materials such as wood, stone, brick or concrete.

 

Cross Ventilation

This resource is used mainly for reasons of health and comfort, since it is essential to renew the air renewal in the home. It is also an advantage to cool the home without incurring electricity costs, as well as preventing the appearance of damp or mites in the house.

 

Evaporative Cooling

This is a very useful strategy in hot, dry climates as it is an economical and clean option to air conditioning. The aim is to use water to cool the ambient temperature. By strategically positioning the house and elements such as decorative plants or trees, it is possible to cool the house without incurring energy expenditure.

 

Water management

The efficient use of water resources is also important in a context in which water stress is already a common scenario in the Iberian Peninsula, whether it concerns water for human consumption, irrigation or sewage management. For example, a key tool is a building where water can be re-used by refilling the cistern with water from the shower or using waste water from the kitchen to water the plants, and that avoids waste or possible almost unnoticeable leaks.

 

Heat Dissipation and Preservation

Finding solutions to dissipate heat, such as vaults, bays, openings, is another challenge when designing the building, and vice versa where a cold climate is concerned. And it is also true for buildings that are located in places with extreme weather: Very hot in summer, very cold in winter.

 

Las Caléndulas, an example of bioclimatic architecture

The houses in Jun which we talked about at the beginning are a clear illustration all of the above points. They feature a series of elements that make them an example to follow as far as bioclimatic construction is concerned. Here are some of the key features:

  • They have an ecological roof-top cistern: This not only insulates the houses against extreme temperatures, it makes the most of rainwater while decongesting the home's water evacuation systems that go to the sanitation network. This not only reduces costs, it is a way of decorating and landscaping the roofs of houses.
  • The essential location of the patio: The location depends on the direction of the prevailing winds. It enables cross ventilation and gives sunlight access to all the rooms in the house, which means savings in energy consumption used for air conditioning and lighting.
  • The use of sustainable materials: The houses were built using environmentally friendly materials, including thermo-clay blocks, which provide remarkable insulation which is superior to that from other more usual materials.
  • A high level of renewable energy: Because of their characteristics, the energy obtained from these homes originates largely from renewable energies such as the sun or wind which reduces the environmental impact of their operation and lowers the costs of the residents' bills. These houses also have the highest energy rating. Compared to a standard house, they consume 70% less electricity and 35% less water.

 

More efficient housing is possible

The case of "Las Caléndulas" sets a precedent for future constructions in Spanish territory. With the volatility of the energy market and incipient concerns about the droughts that have affected much of the continent this year, bioclimatic architecture is a real solution and very easy to implement.

Endesa will help you make your home more efficient, with advice to help you understand what your home consumes and how to reduce it, as well as offering you solutions to start using clean energy and join the solar self-consumption movement.

{{content.phone.title}}

{{content.phone.text}}

{{content.phone.phoneText}}

{{content.form.title}}

{{content.form.text}}

{{content.form.errors.required}}

{{content.form.errors.phone}}

{{content.form.errors.server}}

{{content.form.success.title}}

{{content.form.success.message}} {{model.phone}}

{{content.cta.title}}

{{content.cta.text}}

Comparison of Electricity and Gas Tariffs

You don't need to adapt to Endesa's tariffs because they adapt to you. If you go to our catalogue you can compare the different tariffs for yourself. Or if you prefer, you can answer a few questions and we will take care of comparing all the different electricity and gas tariffs and then make a customised recommendation.

Do you want to see all our offers?

Spend a minute to find the product which best adapts to you:

{{firstStep.title}}

We are finding the right energy for you...

We are finding the right energy for you...

advise icon go to the advise Facebook icon go to Facebook Twitter icon go to Twitter Youtube icon go to Youtube Messenger icon go to Messenger Linkedin icon go to Linkedin Instagram icon go to Instagram Shared Link icon Go to the shared link Checkmark Success icon Checkmark Success down arrow icon down arrow Previous Go to previous Next Go to the next close icon close add icon add up arrow icon up arrow oblique arrow icon look obliquely Arrow down icon Arrow down search engine icon search search engine icon search share icon share filter icon filter email icon send mail email icon email phone icon phone fax icon fac print icon print play icon play user icon go to the user section error icon an error has occurred info icon information thumb up icon like thumb up icon like thumb down icon don't like thumb down icon don't like clock icon Clock Lamp icon Lamp List icon List Map icon Go to the map Phone icon Phone Emergency icon Emergency Pause icon Pause Play icon Play Logout icon Sign off Phone icon Phone
go back icon go back in navigation number 50 icon go to product Tempo Happy 50 Horas calendar icon go to product Tempo Happy Día companies icon go to the business segment gas icon go to gas product catalog rising sun icon go to Tempo Verde-Renewable Energy product home icon go to the household segment 24 hours icon go to One Luz product electricity icon go to Luz's product catalog electricity and gas icon go to the Luz + Gas product catalog moon icon go to product One night light monkey wrench icon go to breakdowns and repairs sun icon go to Tempo Solar product clock icon go to Tempo Happy products 2 hour clock icon go to Tempo Happy 2 Hours product 24 hours icon go to product One Luz number 50 icon go to product Tempo Happy 50 Hours Medium Voltage power line See product catalog with electricity consumption from € 36,000 to € 360,000 / year High Voltage power line See catalog of products with electricity consumption more than € 360,000 / year company icon go to the business segment calendar icon go to product Tempo Happy Day Property management firms icon go to the Property management firms DarkSite icon DarkSite icon light bulb icon See product catalog with electricity consumption less than € 6,000 / year electricity and gas icon go to the Electricity+ Gas Products catalog electricity icon go to the electrical products catalog email icon email contact fax icon fax contact Low Pressure gas icon see catalog of gas products with consumption of less than € 6,000 / year High Pressure gas icon see catalog of gas products with consumption from € 6,000 to € 240,000 / year Medium Pressure gas icon see catalog of gas products with consumption of more than € 240,000 / year gas icon go to gas product catalog Enel icon go to the enel website heater icon heater maintenance service heater maintenance icon go to maintenance service OKGas Heater home icon go to the household segment pressure cooker icon pressure cooker monkey wrench icon go to breakdowns and repairs Medium Voltage power line icon see catalog of electricity products with consumption from € 6,000 to € 36,000 / year moon icon go to product One Night Light sphere icon go to personal website phone icon telephone contact rising sun icon go to Tempo Verde-Renewable Energy product solar panel icon go to photovoltaic solar energy clock icon go to Tempo Happy products black handyman icon with thumb down selected the reaction "I don't like it" little hand icon with thumb down select the reaction "I don't like it" black hand icon with thumb up selected the "like" reaction little hand icon with thumb up select the "like" reaction
Añadir otro equipo eléctrico Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Eliminar equipo eléctrico Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Aspiradora Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Horno Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Lavadora Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Lavavajillas Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Microondas Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Plancha Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Punto de recarga vehículo eléctrico Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Radiador eléctrico Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Secadora Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Split Aire Acondicionado Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Termo Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Tostador Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Vitrocerámica Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Power edit Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Map marker Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit.