Last step: towards recovery or recycling
As mentioned, Spanish and European Union regulations give priority to total or partial reuse, and only to recycling if this is not possible. Therefore, clean points must also make it possible to achieve this, before the goods make their final journey to the waste management plant.
In the first place, all waste, both outgoing and incoming, must be correctly weighed on a scale, logging the data in an electronic platform that centralises all the information and is currently managed by the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge.
All waste must be duly identified and labelled, to enable suitable control, always providing citizens with proof of delivery, which is particularly important in the case of large electrical appliances.
Waste control and treatment of waste is essential, particularly in the case of electronics whose theft from clean points for sale as scrap metal can cause serious environmental problems. That is why it is so important to have appropriate security measures that protect all this waste while it is in temporary custody.
Appliances must also be handled correctly, avoiding knocks that may hinder the recycling of components and the danger that polluting particles that may harm the environment and our health are released. Potentially harmful waste should be deposited in a covered storage area with a waterproofed floor, separated from other types of waste such as bulky items, household goods and plastics.
According to The Global E-waste Monitor, carried out by the UN International Telecommunications Union based on Eurostat data, Spain is the fifth country in the European Union when it comes to producing electronic waste, but only comes in third for recovery. All this makes correct management extremely important.