Characteristics of an ecological house
What makes a house a green building? There are a number of issues involved in order to be able to catalogue a house as ecological. Here are some of the characteristics required. Compliance with these will enable us to guarantee that the house is ecological and will enable you to save energy and generate less pollution in its construction.
The first thing is for construction to begin with the clear intention of being sustainable and not causing any environmental impact, or at least as little as possible. For this, a very important factor is the use of recycled materials that generate very little waste.
Orientation and environment
Another important factor is to take into account their orientation and environment. If the house is in an area where there is a lot of sunshine, advantage should be taken of this. A house that collects a lot of natural light will not require excessive use of artificial lighting. This feature is known as bioclimatic design. Think about it. The neighbourhoods of the future will demonstrate a perfect combination between the landscape and the dwellings.
The sun also contributes to the temperature. If you are looking for a pleasant climate at home all year round, you really need good thermal insulation. This will enable you to keep the heat inside during the cold months, and for it to remain outside the house in the hottest months. These characteristics mean that you will not need to use artificial mechanisms for the temperature to be comfortable.
Finally, these dwellings attract our attention because of their ability to be self-sufficient in the use of energy. And this is always from clean and renewable sources. There is no doubt that these are ideal dwellings for personal and environmental well-being. Can you imagine a house whose operation is exclusively ecological and sustainable? We are getting closer every day.
There is another kind of construction that is similar to an ecological house. This are the so-called passive house. Both have a bioclimatic design. The difference is that, even though most of the characteristics for the construction of a passive house coincide with those for an ecological house, the former does not need to be built with ecological materials.
When we talk about ecological construction materials, wood is the most suitable alternative. It has a characteristic that makes it special: It is a hygroscopic material. What does this mean? Ecological wooden houses will always have ideal levels of humidity they are porous. For them to maintain this condition, it is important not to cover the wood with varnish or other types of products that could reduce or eliminate this property.
Passive houses can also use bricks and concrete. The advantages of both materials over wood are in the economic aspect, since they are much cheaper. They are also safer in case of fire. However, both of these materials have a greater environmental impact, as more energy is needed during their production.