“The coastal cities of Cádiz, Coruña, Gijón, Bilbao, San Sebastián, Málaga, Alicante, Valencia and Barcelona, among others, will be threatened by rising seas in the event of a 3-degree temperature increase”
Moving toward a model of a sustainable city
Cities have an essential role in the fight against climate change. Cities are the first that should change and lead this evolution toward a life with low carbon emissions, based on efficiency and renewable energies.
To the advantage of cities, it is easier for them to reduce these emissions, given that their main pollutant sectors already have sufficiently mature technologies to be deployed on a mass-scale. Some examples of this would be the modal change of transport, the thermal control systems, such as thermostats and sensors, and the installation of heat pumps in the building, according to the data provided by the report titled "Energetically Sustainable Cities: the 2030 Urban Energy Transition" prepared by Deloitte.
According to the study, the energy transition in Spanish cities requires measures that revolve around four focal points:
- Define municipal objectives and model of governance.
- Promote new models of sustainable mobility.
- Carry out actions that increase energy efficiency and uses of non-pollutant energies in construction.
- Convert the Municipal Administrations into an example of sustainable energy.
These measures, mainly intended for the town halls and municipal administrations, require the encouragement and support of all citizens in order to achieve cities effectively leading the fight against global warming.