|88% Reduction of SO2 in 2017 vs 2005
|43% Reduction of NOx emissions in 2017 vs 2005
|82% Reduction of particle emissions vs 2005
|8% Reduction of process water consumption in 2017 vs 2016
|416 GJ Energy saved by internal efficiency measures in 2017
|88% non-hazardous waste valued in 2017
|25 Biodiversity actions carried out in 2017
Our environmental objectives for the coming years:
38.5% reduction in Endesa's direct environmental footprint in 2020 (vs 2017)
|Descarbonisation||Air quality||Water consumption m3/MWh -17%
|Absolute CO2 emissions (Mton): -47%
|Specific SO2 emissions (g/kWh): -47%
|Specific CO2 emissions (g/kWh): -35%
|Specific NOx emissions (g/kWh): -13% (vs 2017)
Waste production in generation <45.000 tons in 2020
Product reuse of combustion products in coal-fired power plants (ash, tailings and gypsum): >22% in 2020
|2020: -50% fleet CO2 reduction (vs 2017); -23% building CO2 reduction (vs 2017)||Specific particulate emissions
Maintain below 0,03 g/kWh in 2018-2020
At Endesa we are committed to achieving excellence in the environmental management of our business activity through the value chain. Hence, its 2017-2019 Sustainability Plan established the objective of maintaining 100% of our generation and distribution facilities certified for International Standard ISO 14001. This objective, which has been fully fulfilled in 2017, is maintained in the new 2018-2022 Sustainability Plan.
Certification of environmental management systems under standard ISO 14000
|100% of generation on fossil fuels||100% of hydraulic and renewable generation|
|100% of operational mining activity
||100% of port terminals
|100% of electricity distribution activity
||15 corporate offices and office building
In addition, in 2017, in the area of thermal generation, the Management System became integrated, incorporating the occupational quality, Health and Safety requirements according to the standard UNE-ISO 9001 and OHSAS18001, achieving use of a firm and aligned control and management plan.
What is more, 78.3% of the installed net power or capacity of all ENDESA thermal power plants is produced in plants registered with the European EcoManagement and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Likewise, all port terminals are registered in EMAS.
In addition, regarding renewable generation, ENDESA has expanded the scope of certification of its management system in 2017, extending it to all of its facilities (hydraulic, wind powered, solar and biogas), in compliance with the international standards ISO 14001, ISO 9001 and OHSAS 18001.
In the area of distribution, all energy distributed by ENDESA and its associated infrastructure is managed under a single certified system, which guarantees identification, surveillance and control of environmental impacts that its facilities and operations could generate. That management system is based on international standard ISO 14001 and is audited annually by an official accreditation agency.
In July 2017, ENDESA Energía obtained the certificate for its Integrated Management System (SIG). This System certifies the capacity of the gas and electricity resale business to provide products that meet the customer's requirements, which comply with the applicable regulatory requirements and regulatory requirements regarding quality and the environment.
- 100% of the power installed in Spain and Portugal is certified by the ISO 14001 standard, in addition to all of the port terminals and mining exploitations.
- 100% of the transformation and distribution activities in Spain are certified with ISO 14001.
- During 2017, 15 branches have a triple certification (SIGAEC) system: Environmental Management (ISO 14001), Energy Efficiency Management (ISO 50001) and Indoor Environmental Quality (UNE 171330-3).
- 78.3% of the installed net power or capacity of all ENDESA thermal power plants is produced in plants registered with the European EcoManagement and Audit Scheme (EMAS).
- 100% of port terminals are registered in EMAS.
Endesa has measured its ecological footprint, a multi-criterion tool that allows determining, assessing and comparing the company’s environmental performance based on life cycle analysis: i.e., considering raw materials from their extraction and transporting to waste management and product management, once their useful life is over.
It aims at having a single environmental performance indicator performance that allows:
- Reflecting the overall degree to which different resources are affected by different businesses.
- Comparing business, technologies and installations, with different conditions, under homogeneous and unified criteria.
- Identifying areas of environmental improvement and optimising processes throughout the supply chain.
- Analysing the development and improvements achieved.
This tool also enables us to align ourselves with new European and global environmental policies and trends: ISO 14001:2015, LCA and circular economy.
Integrated water management
At Endesa we identify water as a strategic, critical resource that is being affected by climate change. The forecasts of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development state that, if new policies are not adopted, in 2050 almost half the world population will live in areas suffering severe water stress.
In order to preserve this resource, at Endesa we are constantly updating our corporate strategy with regard to water, and we endeavour to use water resources efficiently, both at our hydro-electric plants, which use water to produce renewable energy, and at those which use other technologies (thermal and nuclear). We also concentrate on the continued improvement of the control of waste water and on the preservation of the environmental status of reservoirs and the associated stretches of rivers.
A total of 20 production facilities are located in water-stressed areas (<1,700 m3 per person per year), but 80% of these do not use fresh water; this is the case of the thermal power plants, which use salt water only, or of the hydro-electric plants, whose operation does not consume fresh water.
For the eighth year running, we have joined the CDP Water Disclosure Project, an initiative that provides data on water and its management by the largest companies in the world. During the past year we reached the “Leadership” level, above the average level of the sector. The purpose of the initiative is to inform the global market of investment risks and business opportunities, and to help direct investment toward a sustainable use of this resource.
As a starting point at Endesa, after publication of the Commission's Action Plan on the Circular Economy in December 2015, the existing activities that contribute to and promote change toward a circular model were analysed, placing the aspects in common at a sectoral level to promote them sooner. In specific fields of the multi-R concept, such as recycling and reuse, Endesa has promoted circulating of some wastes generated in business activity for some years, e.g., prioritizing reuse of by-products of coal combustion products, minimizing their being sent to a landfill. In 2016, 25% of ash produced was recovered.
On the other hand, more recently, there have been specific actions on construction and demolition projects, such as inclusion of dismantling of the CT Foix project as a corporate example on the Business Europe platform regarding a Circular Economy.
As an initiative of business innovation and entrepreneurship of the circular economy, Endesa has a pilot microalgae plant to evaluate the CO2 located in Carboneras (Almería). Recent research has focused on the nutritional qualities that microalgae provide to the body. In addition, it seeks to obtain sustainable fertilisers for agriculture or that serve as an alternative to biodiesel.
Another line of work is Endesa's ‘Electrical mobility Programme’ with actions that aim at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting the use of 100% electric vehicles among Endesa's employees, directly and indirectly, promoting knowledge and use of them as a sustainable mobility alternative for society. A programme aimed at a low-coal consumption economic model and pollution reduction that Endesa aspires to lead, through promotion of electrification of energy demand, smart grids and efficient consumption.
The context in Spain is one of transition and change toward a circular model, for which it is promoting the Spanish Circular Economy Strategy from the Ministry of Agriculture and Fishing, Food and Environment (MAPAMA) and the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness.
Thus, in any case, the company declares to be open to study and implement measures and proposals that in this environment and/or through the forms of collaboration that with that objective can be agreed upon with the Spanish Circular Economy Strategy. A commitment that we have bolstered through our adhesion to the Circular Economy Pact in September 2017.
Despite Endesa’s efforts to go beyond the environmental legislation, during 2017 some environmental incidents have been recorded. The total amount of fines imposed on environmental grounds was 65,151 €.
|Number of environmental sanctions with an amount greater than €10,000