At Endesa, we are committed to conserving the environment and we apply this to each of our businesses. The mines that we ran between 1972 and 2015 in Andorra (Teruel), As Pontes (A Coruña), Peñarroya (Córdoba) and Puertollano (Ciudad Real) are no exception.
353 million tonnes of coal were produced over 44 years. We were the top national coal producers in the late 80s with an annual production of 15 million tonnes, representing 42% of the national production. Since 2016, all the mining centres have been involved in a orderly closing process with environment restoration works.
The renovation of land around the former mines was a priority in the planning and development of our mining projects. The aim was always to end up improving the initial condition of the natural areas around the sites.
The most emblematic restoration project is in As Pontes, where the former mine has become the largest lake of Spain: 865 hectares and 547 cubic hectometres of water, now used for water sports with swimming and recreational areas. The surrounding slagheap is now a beautiful landscape covered by vegetation, boasting a vast biological richness, naturally colonised by native fauna.
In the other mining centres, restoration has recovered 2,360 hectares for agriculture or for developing indigenous vegetation and fauna, despite being semi-arid, difficult to repopulate areas .
The unique nature of these projects has turned our mining area restoration experience into a national and international benchmark.