Endesa has once again been chosen by the Spanish Climate Change Office, part of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and the Environment, to represent the energy sector in stage 2 of the Adapta Initiative. This initiative, which began in 2013, will see the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan extended to the private sector for it to be incorporated in corporate strategy. Companies representing the Spanish economy's five key sectors (energy, tourism, construction, agriculture and transport) have been chosen
Endesa has been chosen to carry out a climate change vulnerability study at hydro plants along the Guadalquivir basin this century. The three plants chosen are all different:
- Cala: a 12.8 MW reservoir plant, 25 km north of Seville on the Rivera de Cala River which has an annual river regime, and is located close to the head of the basin. The stored water is used as backup for the city of Seville.
- Tranco: a 39.8 MW reservoir plant in the province of Jaen in the upper reaches of the Guadalquivir and in the Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas natural park. The stored water is used to irrigate crops downstream from the reservoir.
- Méngibar: a 4.2 MW run-of-the-river plant north of Méngibar in the province of Jaen. Output depends on the river's flow.
The vulnerability analysis, which contemplates four scenarios with various climatic forecasts issued by the Spanish meteorological office (AEMET) and Andalusia's Ministry of the Environment and Town Planning, has studied the impact climate change will have on the river basins, and consequently these plants, between now and 2100. The variables used include temperature, rainfall and heat waves, as well as frost forecasts. This has helped experts draw up a risk map of the climatic impacts and will help the plants adapt to the new scenario.
In the second stage, a cost-profit analysis of five different measures required to adapt these plants will be carried out.
Endesa, as a company that is firmly committed to combating climate change, aligned with the sustainability strategy of the Enel Group to which it belongs, has decided to integrate the adaptation, not just as a part of its environmental management policy but also as a key feature of its corporate decision-making process. As such, an assessment of those climatic elements likely to generate risks in the company's activities, and an assessment of the benefits and opportunities (future planning of its markets and international mechanisms to promote adaptation projects) shall be taken into account.