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Endesa and the electric vehicle 

Endesa supports the diffusion of electric mobility worldwide as a key tool to tackle climate change, promoting the Enel Group electric vehicle recharge infrastructure. The company is reinforcing its leading position in emobility with the installation of new charging points. Agreements have been signed with electric vehicle manufacturers and the company participated actively in international projects and consortia.

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Endesa is active in e-mobility on six different fronts:

Pilot and demonstration projects to boost e-mobility

In Spain, Endesa is fully involved in the government's E-Mobility Plan (MOVELE), a plan that is managed and coordinated by the IDAE (Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving) and by the Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Tourism. This plan involves the introduction in urban areas of 2,000 electric vehicles of varying categories and with different features and technology, and the installation of 546 recharging points in Madrid (280), Barcelona (191) and Seville (75).

Endesa is the only electricity company present in the three cities participating in the MOVELE Plan (Madrid, Barcelona, and Seville), which is a clear example of its commitment to developing the sustainable transport model.

Endesa is also taking part in other projects aimed at integrating electric vehicles into smart grids, such as Smartcity Malaga, and Smartcity Barcelona, as well as in the smart grids being developed in the Canary Islands on the islands of El Hierro and La Graciosa. Smartcity Malaga, led by Endesa, is a pioneering project in Spain, the objective of which is to create a new energy management model for cities with the aim of achieving energy savings of 20%, a reduction in CO2 emissions of 6,000 tonnes per year, and an increase in the use of renewable energy resources. In this Smartcity environment, Endesa is developing V2G (vehicle to grid) technology with real testing, technology that not only allows the electric car to receive energy from the network but also to store it and make it available to the grid when necessary.

In fact, Málaga is also the place where the international ZEM2ALL (Zero Emissions Mobility to All) project is being launched. This four-year, 60 million euro project spearheaded by Endesa in Spain will enable the mass market rollout of the new e-mobility services and benefits. The project aims to make e-mobility a reality through new services like recharging management, dual directionality of the load from the grid to the vehicle and back (V2G) and strategically-placed rapid charging points, all of which globally interconnected.

The introduction of 200 electric vehicles in Malaga will provide a real-life test bed for gauging the impact of e-mobility on society. Each of the cars will have a smart recharging station connected to a Control Centre, from which energy usage can be managed and users will be able to see, among other things, their energy consumption and how much carbon emissions they are saving. To complement these regular charging stations, 23 strategically-located rapid recharging points will be installed which will allow car batteries to be 80%-charged in less than 30 minutes, thereby overcoming autonomy constraints and making the project a unique customer experience. Of the 23 stations, six rapid chargers will have V2G (vehicle to grid) technology, and will as such be dual directional: not only will the car intake energy from the network, but it will also, when demand is high, be able to pump out energy.

Endesa and a consortium of four other companies and three research bodies are rolling out Project Victoria (Vehicle Initiative Consortium for Transport Operation and Road Inductive Applications), an initiative to develop the first dynamic inductive charging system for a bus lane in Spain whereby electric buses will be charged wirelessly while on the move. The project will be rolled out on a specific bus route in Malaga, the first project of this kind in Spain on an urban public transport system.

At the same time, the company is also developing a proprietary technological solution for the rapid recharging of electric vehicles through the CRAVE project in collaboration with CIRCE (Zaragoza) and the V2M project, developed jointly with IREC (Catalonia). In 2011, this technology enabled the installation of the first rapid recharging stations in Spain and Latin America.

R&D Consortiums and Working Groups

The project Cenit “VERDE”, the most important Spanish initiative in electric mobility, has already presented its results. This project, which began in 2009 with a consortium of 15 companies and 14 research centers, has investigated the technologies that will enable future integration of electric vehicles and their introduction into the Spanish market.

Endesa has focused its participation on tasks related to the intelligent management of the network and the study of the management of the pure and hybrid electric vehicles in intelligent networks (smart grids), covering aspects ranging from the charging point to the control systems.

Endesa also participates in the SURTIDOR project consortium for the development of an ultra-fast recharging system using intelligent DC transfer by direct contact, with an optional storage system.

In Europe, Endesa is also active in other collaborative research projects, such as G4V, and demonstration projects, such as ELVIRE and Green eMotion:

G4V, Elvire and Green eMotion are all projects included in the EC’s 7th Framework Programme which encompasses all its research initiatives and plays a crucial role in achieving objectives in terms of growth, competition and employment.

The Green eMotion consortium has a 42-million-euro budget over a four-year period and its main objective is to lay the foundations for the development of e-mobility through a series of demonstration projects across Europe. This enables the creation of a single framework that facilitates the large-scale introduction of electric vehicles, based on European standards, and through the demonstration of related technologies, not only from the transport sector but also from the energy and communications sectors.

The three-year ELVIRE project, meanwhile, has a budget of approximately 10 million euros. The aim of this project is to develop the technology, solutions and services needed to enable the constant interaction between electric vehicle drivers, their energy suppliers and the smart grid. A consumer-oriented development is also proposed, with a services platform that optimises communication between users and their vehicles. Of particular note is Endesa’s contribution to the proposed solutions for the development of communication infrastructure with the energy supplier, charge control and system tariffs. Different possible scenarios are being studied, taking into account security and interoperability.

Endesa has launched the European Project ‘Unplugged’ through the project’s consortium. The initiative is aimed at developing wireless, or ‘inductive’, fast charge for electric vehicles as well as investigating how this innovative charging system can improve convenience and sustainability of car-based mobility in urban environments. Endesa and its Parent Company ENEL are the only European power utilities in the ‘Unplugged’ consortium.

Standardisation and certification groups

Endesa participates in the EURELECTRIC (Brussels) electric vehicle workgroup, being one of the founding and active members of the Berlin Group. At the end of 2009, it signed the European Electricity Sector’s declaration of support for the single EU standard, which was submitted to the Commission's Vice-President in charge of transport policy. It has also formed part of the CENELEC European groups, contributing to the standardisation and approval process for all key and compatible recharging connection elements throughout the EU.

In the international arena, Endesa holds the European presidency of CHAdeMO, an international association whose objective is to make rapid charging for electric vehicles (that have been adopted by the electric vehicle brands with the biggest share of the global market) a reality, thus boosting the installation of this kind of rapid recharging infrastructure around the world. This system is able to recharge a car partially in 5 minutes, providing it with sufficient power for an additional 30-50 km. A complete recharge requires 20-30 minutes, depending on the type of vehicle and its battery level.

Endesa also has an active role in the IEC groups for normal recharge, rapid recharge and two-way recharge for electric vehicles. It is also the AENOR representative in these groups.

Alliances and agreements with the main market agents

Endesa is working with all the players in this new market; and, as a result, has signed the following agreements:

• With Cepsa, it signed a collaboration agreement to jointly draw up a plan to develop, test and roll out a network of recharging points for pure electric and hybrid plug-in vehicles at Cepsa service stations. As a result of this alliance, the first "electrolinera" (service station with a rapid recharging facility for electric vehicles) in Spain was set up in Barcelona. • With Telefónica, an agreement was signed to develop a technological solution using phone booths as EV recharging points. The aim is to promote sustainable mobility by enabling users to recharge their vehicles on public thoroughfares. There are currently two booths in Madrid and one in Valencia offering this recharging facility to users.  • It has entered into agreements with different car manufacturers and importers, such as General Motors, and sector-related associations. By signing these sorts of agreements, Endesa hopes to work side-by-side with car manufacturers in looking for innovative solutions to both technological and commercial challenges, so as to boost e-mobility and facilitate its introduction into the market.

• In addition, in 2011 Endesa was responsible for important installations in the area of e-mobility, having, for example, been awarded the contract to supply and install the recharging infrastructure that Aena put out for tender in 2011. As a result, it was Endesa that provided the electric recharging infrastructure required for supplying electricity to AENA’s fleet at the airports in Madrid, Barcelona, Palma and Lanzarote, with a combined total of 53 recharging points.

• Collaboration agreements with public institutions, such as the Regional Government of Extremadura and the Malaga, Palma de Mallorca and Almeria City Councils, and also the Madrid, Barcelona and Seville City Councils, via the MOVELE Plan.

The marketing of recharging infrastructure

Endesa has included into its range of products and customer services an added-value proposal in the form of e-mobility, which is segmented according to the type of customer: domestic or corporate.

The company offers an integrated turnkey solution that includes recharging infrastructure and installation, with personalised technical advice as well as zero-interest financing facilities for domestic customers.

Endesa's product catalogue contains a wide range of equipment, thereby offering each customer the recharging point that best meets their needs, whether these be conventional-recharging points or rapid-recharging ponts. A team of technicians visits each customer installation in order to assess the electricity system and to prepare a personalised estimate.

As part of its aim to promote and divulge information on e-mobility, Endesa has developed specialised customer service channels  to provide information to all potential users and anyone else interested in the subject. As a result, as well as its telephone assistance service on e-mobility, it has also developed a website with lots of information on the subject:www.endesavehiculoelectrico.com

On the website, users are able to see exactly what Endesa is doing in the market, as well as its product catalogue, the financial and environmental benefits of e-mobility, and the Government subsidies available, among other things.

Replacement plan for Endesa's fleet

With the aim of reducing its CO2 emissions and the fuel consumption on its short-range vehicles, Endesa is planning to replace 30% of its short-range fleet with electric vehicles. Endesa currently has around 20 pure electric vehicles, which have been used to assess how this technology can be adapted to the needs of the company’s fleet.

It has initially focused on the short-range vehicle segment because these vehicles meet the same security and equipment requirements as its current combustion vehicles. The electric vehicles that already form part of the Endesa fleet are used to transport people and tools to carry out small repairs. Nevertheless, and given the constantly changing nature of this technology, Endesa is studying the advances being made and the market, so that it may soon replace its entire fleet with electric vehicles.

It is worth highlighting the fact that Endesa's interest in sustainable mobility has in fact been one of its focal points for the last few years, and the company has been a pioneer and leading player in terms of incorporating hybrid vehicles across the whole of its sales fleet (at one stage it had the biggest fleet of hybrid vehicles in Europe, with more than 300 in 2010, and it is still one of the biggest hybrid fleets today).

 

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