In Spain, Endesa is fully involved in the government's E-Mobility Plan (MOVELE), a plan that is managed and coordinated by the IDAE (Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving) and by the Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Tourism. This plan involves the introduction in urban areas of 2,000 electric vehicles of varying categories and with different features and technology, and the installation of 546 recharging points in Madrid (280), Barcelona (191) and Seville (75).
Endesa is the only electricity company present in the three cities participating in the MOVELE Plan (Madrid, Barcelona, and Seville), which is a clear example of its commitment to developing the sustainable transport model.
Endesa is also taking part in other projects aimed at integrating electric vehicles into smart grids, such as Smartcity Malaga, and Smartcity Barcelona, as well as in the smart grids being developed in the Canary Islands on the islands of El Hierro and La Graciosa. Smartcity Malaga, led by Endesa, is a pioneering project in Spain, the objective of which is to create a new energy management model for cities with the aim of achieving energy savings of 20%, a reduction in CO2 emissions of 6,000 tonnes per year, and an increase in the use of renewable energy resources. In this Smartcity environment, Endesa is developing V2G (vehicle to grid) technology with real testing, technology that not only allows the electric car to receive energy from the network but also to store it and make it available to the grid when necessary.
In fact, Málaga is also the place where the international ZEM2ALL (Zero Emissions Mobility to All) project is being launched. This four-year, 60 million euro project spearheaded by Endesa in Spain will enable the mass market rollout of the new e-mobility services and benefits. The project aims to make e-mobility a reality through new services like recharging management, dual directionality of the load from the grid to the vehicle and back (V2G) and strategically-placed rapid charging points, all of which globally interconnected.
The introduction of 200 electric vehicles in Malaga will provide a real-life test bed for gauging the impact of e-mobility on society. Each of the cars will have a smart recharging station connected to a Control Centre, from which energy usage can be managed and users will be able to see, among other things, their energy consumption and how much carbon emissions they are saving. To complement these regular charging stations, 23 strategically-located rapid recharging points will be installed which will allow car batteries to be 80%-charged in less than 30 minutes, thereby overcoming autonomy constraints and making the project a unique customer experience. Of the 23 stations, six rapid chargers will have V2G (vehicle to grid) technology, and will as such be dual directional: not only will the car intake energy from the network, but it will also, when demand is high, be able to pump out energy.
Endesa and a consortium of four other companies and three research bodies are rolling out Project Victoria (Vehicle Initiative Consortium for Transport Operation and Road Inductive Applications), an initiative to develop the first dynamic inductive charging system for a bus lane in Spain whereby electric buses will be charged wirelessly while on the move. The project will be rolled out on a specific bus route in Malaga, the first project of this kind in Spain on an urban public transport system.
At the same time, the company is also developing a proprietary technological solution for the rapid recharging of electric vehicles through the CRAVE project in collaboration with CIRCE (Zaragoza) and the V2M project, developed jointly with IREC (Catalonia). In 2011, this technology enabled the installation of the first rapid recharging stations in Spain and Latin America.